Au-MoS2 Hybrids as Hydrogen Evolution Electrocatalysts

Ronen Bar-Ziv, Priyadarshi Ranjan, Anna Lavie, Akash Jain, Somenath Garai, Avraham Bar Hen, Ronit Popovitz-Biro, Reshef Tenne, Raul Arenal, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam, Luc Lajaunie, Maya Bar-Sadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Core-shell nanoparticles provide a unique morphology to exploit electronic interactions between dissimilar materials, conferring upon them new or improved functionalities. MoS2 is a layered transition-metal disulfide that has been studied extensively for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but still suffers from low electrocatalytic activity due to its poor electronic conductivity. To understand the fundamental aspects of the MoS2-Au hybrids with regard to their electrocatalytic activity, a single to a few layers of MoS2 were deposited over Au nanoparticles via a versatile procedure that allows for complete encapsulation of Au nanoparticles of arbitrary geometries. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy of the Au@MoS2 nanoparticles provides direct evidence for the core-shell morphology and also reveals the presence of morphological defects and irregularities in the MoS2 shell that are known to be more active for HER than the pristine MoS2 basal plane. Electrochemical measurements show a significant improvement in the HER activity of Au@MoS2 nanoparticles relative to freestanding MoS2 or Au-decorated MoS2. The best electrochemical performance was demonstrated by the Au nanostars - the largest Au core employed here - encapsulated in a MoS2 shell. Density-functional theory calculations show that charge transfer occurs from the Au to the MoS2 layers, producing a more conductive catalyst layer and a better electrode for electrochemical HER. The strategies to further improve the catalytic properties of such hybrid nanoparticles are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6043-6050
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • charge transfer
  • core-shell
  • density-functional theory
  • electrocatalysis
  • nanorods
  • nanostars
  • transition-metal dichalcogenides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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