Augmentation of low-frequency ultrasound-induced clot disruption by hydroxyethyl starch is dependent on the duration and intensity of ultrasound exposure; An in vitro study

Yehuda Adler, Adi Dagan, Gregory Golovchiner, Zaza Iakobishvili, Israel Matz, Eli Lev, Robert J. Siegel, Yochai Birnbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the synergistic effect between low-frequency ultrasound (US) and hydroxyethyl starch (HAES) on blood clot disruption, using different HAES concentrations, US duration and intensity. Human blood clots, 200 to 400 mg in weight, were placed in tubes containing 10 mL of normal saline alone or with HAES 0.1%, 1% or 2%. Clots were randomized to four intensities of US exposure: none, low, medium and high (maximal amplitude of motion at the tip of the horn: 0, 96, 144 and 192 μm, respectively), and for three durations of US exposure (10, 20 and 40 s). After treatment, the clots were reweighed, and the percent differences in weights were calculated. US intensity, US duration and HAES concentration had a significant effect on the blood clot dissolution (p < 0.001 for all three variables). HAES augmented clot dissolution only when US intensity was medium or high. With low intensity, HAES did not augment clot lysis. Conclusions: microparticle-containing solutions, such as HAES, have a potential for augmenting clot disruption by US. This effect is highly dependent on US intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-486
Number of pages4
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clot lysis
  • Hydroxyethyl starch
  • In vitro
  • Thrombosis
  • Ultrasound

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