Autorefraction versus subjective refraction in a radially asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens

Jan W.illem van der Linden, Violette Vrijman, Rana Al-Saady, Rana El-Saady, Ivanka J. van der Meulen, Maarten P. Mourits, Ruth Lapid-Gortzak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the automated refraction (AR) correlates with subjective manifest (MR) refraction in eyes implanted with radially asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens (IOLs).

METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 52 eyes (52 patients) implanted with a radially asymmetric multifocal IOL (LS-312 MF30, Oculentis, Germany). At 3 months postoperatively, the AR and MR values were compared to determine the correlation between the sphere (S), the spherical equivalent (SE) and the astigmatic components J0 and J45.

RESULTS: The difference of mean spherical measurement was +0.98D ± 0.62, with the AR measuring more myopic. The difference of the mean spherical equivalent was +1.11D ± 0.57, again with AR being more myopic. Both these differences were statistically significant (p < 0.001). The astigmatic components showed less differences, with the mean difference of the J0 being -0.09D ± 0.43, and the J45 of +0.04D ± 0.47, which were both not statistically significant (p = 0.123 and p = 0.531, respectively). Correlation analysis of the refractive parameters showed r(2) = 0.067, r(2) = 0.078, r(2) = 0.018 and r(2) = 0.015, respectively, all of which point to a low correlation between the AR and the MR.

CONCLUSION: Autorefraction shows poor correlation to manifest subjective refraction with these radially asymmetric multifocal IOLs. The autorefraction systematically underestimates the spherical and spherical equivalent power, while the correlation between the astigmatic components was also low. Autorefraction seems not a valid starting point for manifest subjective refraction with these types of lenses, unless a corrective factor of about +1 dioptre is used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)764-768
Number of pages5
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • LS-312
  • M Plus
  • autorefraction
  • cataract
  • multifocal intraocular lens
  • radially asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens
  • refractive lens exchange
  • residual refraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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