Bacteriophage ecology in environmental biotechnology processes

Orr H. Shapiro, Ariel Kushmaro

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heterotrophic bacteria are an integral part of any environmental biotechnology process (EBP). Therefore, factors controlling bacterial abundance, activity, and community composition are central to the understanding of such processes. Among these factors, top-down control by bacteriophage predation has so far received very limited attention. With over 108 particles per ml, phage appear to be the most numerous biological entities in EBP. Phage populations in EBP appear to be highly dynamic and to correlate with the population dynamics of their hosts and genomic evidence suggests bacteria evolve to avoid phage predation. Clearly, there is much to learn regarding bacteriophage in EBP before we can truly understand the microbial ecology of these globally important systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-455
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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