Badal marriages among the Negev Bedouin: 'Urf, Shar'ia and state law

Gideon M. Kressel, Khalil Abu-Rabi'a

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    The practice of men swapping daughters for wives or nieces as daughtersin-law is evident among the Bedouin. Although this pattern has its roots in ancient Arab culture and is a unique exception to theories of exchange marriage (EM), there is little reference to the circumstances of its occurrence in the anthropological literature. This article reviews the background of and suggests explanations for this practice. EM is shown to be a strategy that largely serves the desire for upward mobility of small and hence lowly graded groups of agnates. The article demonstrates how EM operates in an olden 'urfi setting, dominated by patrilineages, while shar'i courts tend to oppose it. We argue that, although it entails structural implications, this behavioural pattern does not have a structural end.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)68-93
    Number of pages26
    JournalAnthropology of the Middle East
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011


    • 'Ir∂
    • 'Urf
    • Agnatic bond
    • Bedouin
    • Hypergamy
    • Isogamy
    • Shari'a

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology


    Dive into the research topics of 'Badal marriages among the Negev Bedouin: 'Urf, Shar'ia and state law'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this