Bartonella infection in rodents and their flea ectoparasites: An overview

Ricardo Gutiérrez, Boris Krasnov, Danny Morick, Yuval Gottlieb, Irina S. Khokhlova, Shimon Harrus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies worldwide have reported a high prevalence and a great diversity of Bartonella species, both in rodents and their flea parasites. The interaction among Bartonella, wild rodents, and fleas reflects a high degree of adaptation among these organisms. Vertical and horizontal efficient Bartonella transmission pathways within flea communities and from fleas to rodents have been documented in competence studies, suggesting that fleas are key players in the transmission of Bartonella to rodents. Exploration of the ecological traits of rodents and their fleas may shed light on the mechanisms used by bartonellae to become established in these organisms. The present review explores the interrelations within the Bartonella-rodent-flea system. The role of the latter two components is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-39
Number of pages13
JournalVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Bartonella
  • Fleas
  • Rodents

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