Base-level Impact: A Geomorphic Approach

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Much of the final shaping of the global landscape is accomplished by incision of river networks. The base-level is a principle determinate controlling the global relief by  processes of erosion and aggradation. In the populated world, entrenchments triggered by base-level changes may become devastating events, damaging agricultural lands, undercutting bridges and destroying roads. The aim of this book, as a chapter in fluviomorphology, is to present the base-level control when active in the continental interior, unrelated to marine base-level fluctuations along the continental margins nor to sequence stratigraphic tract models in Exxon sequence stratigraphic sense. The focus is on the morphology and the gross trends of the processes controlling channel evolution through transient signals initiated by base-level changes and communicated upstream through the drainage network. The book brings together principles and conclusions gained by field work, by laboratory studies and by models, based on the widely scattered literature. The chapters include presentation of different types of base-levels, discussing the constraints of their altitude, the degradation and aggradation responses, the temporal and spatial trends along the channel network, the controlling factors, the knickpoint transient retreat process and its rates. Special emphasis is given to the Dead Sea Rift following its extreme base-level conditions which make it a unique field laboratory. This book is relevant to students in earth sciences as well as to planners, hydrologists and engineers dealing with geomorphology and surface drainage.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages154
ISBN (Electronic)9783031249945
ISBN (Print)9783031249938
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Base-level impact
  • Dead Sea rift
  • Fluvial geomorphology
  • Fluviomorphology
  • Laboratory studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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