Baseline Abdominal Lipid Partitioning Is Associated with the Metabolic Response to Bariatric Surgery

Andrei Keidar, Liat Appelbaum, Chaya Schweiger, Karen Hershkop, Idit Matot, Naama Constantini, Jacob Sosna, Ram Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two bariatric procedures on abdominal lipid partitioning and metabolic response. Methods: Fifty-one patients (RYGB 31(11 M/20 F); (SG) 20(8 M/12 F)) who met the criteria of metabolic syndrome before the operation were followed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat depots were assessed by CT before, 6 months, and 12 months following the operation. Results: Patients undergoing both procedures did not differ in baseline body mass index (BMI) (42.84 ± 4.65 vs. 41.70 ± 4.68 kg/m2) or abdominal lipid depots. BMI at 12 months post-op was similar (29.44 ± 3.35 vs 30.86 ± 4.31 kg/m2 for RYGB and SG, respectively). Both procedures led to a significant reduction in visceral and subcutaneous fat at 6 months (p < 0.001 for both). The visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio was comparable at 6 months vs. baseline yet was lower at 12 months vs. baseline for both procedures (p < 0.01). In patients who lost the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, baseline visceral/subcutaneous fat was the only predictor of recovery (p < 0.005). No difference was detected between procedures in dynamics of abdominal fat depots or remission of cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: RYGB and SG induce a similar effect on abdominal fat mobilization. The metabolic effects in individual patients are mostly determined by their baseline abdominal lipid partitioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1709-1716
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Bariatric surgery
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Subcutaneous fat
  • Visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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