Jerzy Ka¸Kol, Arkady Leiderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In our paper [Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. Ser. B 8 (2021), pp. 86–99] we showed that a Tychonoff space X is a Δ-space (in the sense of R. W. Knight [Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 339 (1993), pp. 45–60], G. M. Reed [Fund. Math. 110 (1980), pp. 145–152]) if and only if the locally convex space Cp(X) is distinguished. Continuing this research, we investigate whether the class Δ of Δ-spaces is invariant under the basic topological operations. We prove that if X Δ and ϕ : X → Y is a continuous surjection such that ϕ(F ) is an Fσ-set in Y for every closed set F ⊂ X, then also Y Δ. As a consequence, if X is a countable union of closed subspaces Xi such that each Xi Δ, then also X Δ. In particular, σ-product of any family of scattered Eberlein compact spaces is a Δ-space and the product of a Δ-space with a countable space is a Δ-space. Our results give answers to several open problems posed by us [Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. Ser. B 8 (2021), pp. 86–99]. Let T : Cp(X) −→ Cp(Y ) be a continuous linear surjection. We observe that T admits an extension to a linear continuous operator T from RX onto RY and deduce that Y is a Δ-space whenever X is. Similarly, assuming that X and Y are metrizable spaces, we show that Y is a Q-set whenever X is. Making use of obtained results, we provide a very short proof for the claim that every compact Δ-space has countable tightness. As a consequence, under Proper Forcing Axiom every compact Δ-space is sequential. In the article we pose a dozen open questions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-280
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Series B
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Distinguished locally convex space
  • closed mapping
  • scattered space
  • Δ-set

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics


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