Benefits of low-intensity pain-free treadmill exercise on functional capacity of individuals presenting with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease

Sharon Barak, Christine Boyd Stopka, Coleen Archer Martinez, Eli Carmeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease (PAD) experience muscle aching during walking secondary to ischemia. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of low-intensity pain-free exercise (LIPFE) on functional capacity of individuals with PAD. A total of 12 participants with PAD underwent training on treadmill for 6 weeks, twice a week, for about 45 minutes. Outcome measures included walking distance (WDI), walking duration (WDU), mean walking rate (WR), estimated oxygen consumption (EVO 2), metabolic equivalent (MET), estimated total energy expenditure (ETEE), and estimated rate of energy expenditure (EREE). Mean improvement of WDI, WDU, and MWR were 104% (an addition of 1.0 km), 55% (an addition of 13.3 minutes), and 41% (0.9 km/h faster), respectively. Mean improvement of EVO 2, MET, ETEE, and EREE, were 20%, 20%, 80%, and 20%, respectively. In conclusion, it appears that LIPFE training is an effective intervention for individuals presenting with PAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-486
Number of pages10
JournalAngiology
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Exercise therapy
  • Intermittent claudication
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Treadmill training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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