Bidding in spades

Gal Cohensius, Reshef Meir, Nadav Oved, Roni Stern

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a Spades bidding algorithm that is superior to recreational human players and to publicly available bots. Like in Bridge, the game of Spades is composed of two independent phases, bidding and playing. This paper focuses on the bidding algorithm, since this phase holds a precise challenge: Based on the input, choose the bid that maximizes the agent's winning probability. Our Bidding-in-Spades (BIS) algorithm heuristically determines the bidding strategy by comparing the expected utility of each possible bid. A major challenge is how to estimate these expected utilities. To this end, we propose a set of domain-specific heuristics, and then correct them via machine learning using data from real-world players. The BIS algorithm we present can be attached to any playing algorithm. It beats rule-based bidding bots when all use the same playing component. When combined with a rule-based playing algorithm, it is superior to the average recreational human.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECAI 2020 - 24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, including 10th Conference on Prestigious Applications of Artificial Intelligence, PAIS 2020 - Proceedings
EditorsGiuseppe De Giacomo, Alejandro Catala, Bistra Dilkina, Michela Milano, Senen Barro, Alberto Bugarin, Jerome Lang
PublisherIOS Press BV
Pages387-394
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781643681009
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Aug 2020
Event24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2020, including 10th Conference on Prestigious Applications of Artificial Intelligence, PAIS 2020 - Santiago de Compostela, Online, Spain
Duration: 29 Aug 20208 Sep 2020

Publication series

NameFrontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
Volume325
ISSN (Print)0922-6389

Conference

Conference24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2020, including 10th Conference on Prestigious Applications of Artificial Intelligence, PAIS 2020
Country/TerritorySpain
CitySantiago de Compostela, Online
Period29/08/208/09/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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