Bioelectrochemistry and the Singularity Point “I Robot”?**

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4 Scopus citations


In his book “The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology” Ray Kurtzweil described the concept of artificial intelligence in an unorthodox way. It describes how humans will interface with machines and eventually will become one with machines. Hence, we can define a time point, which is a theoretical point when humans and machines will become one. In order to reach this point, a successful interface between the biological/organic to the inorganic matter is needed. In order for these pieces of “machinery” to communicate between one another, an exchange of matter and energy should be achieved. Electron transfer between the inorganic and organic has been the mission of bioelectrochemical systems in the past few decades. Enzymes, antibodies and nucleic acids attachment to electrodes has been achieved more than three decades ago. In the following assay I am reviewing the different advances that were made towards an integration between biological entities to inorganic ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
JournalIsrael Journal of Chemistry
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Redox enzymes
  • bioelectronics
  • bionanorbotics
  • implantable devices
  • protein conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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