Bioinspired and Bioderived Aqueous Electrocatalysis

Jesús Barrio, Angus Pedersen, Silvia Favero, Hui Luo, Mengnan Wang, Saurav Ch Sarma, Jingyu Feng, Linh Tran Thi Ngoc, Simon Kellner, Alain You Li, Ana Belén Jorge Sobrido, Maria Magdalena Titirici

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The development of efficient and sustainable electrochemical systems able to provide clean-energy fuels and chemicals is one of the main current challenges of materials science and engineering. Over the last decades, significant advances have been made in the development of robust electrocatalysts for different reactions, with fundamental insights from both computational and experimental work. Some of the most promising systems in the literature are based on expensive and scarce platinum-group metals; however, natural enzymes show the highest per-site catalytic activities, while their active sites are based exclusively on earth-abundant metals. Additionally, natural biomass provides a valuable feedstock for producing advanced carbonaceous materials with porous hierarchical structures. Utilizing resources and design inspiration from nature can help create more sustainable and cost-effective strategies for manufacturing cost-effective, sustainable, and robust electrochemical materials and devices. This review spans from materials to device engineering; we initially discuss the design of carbon-based materials with bioinspired features (such as enzyme active sites), the utilization of biomass resources to construct tailored carbon materials, and their activity in aqueous electrocatalysis for water splitting, oxygen reduction, and CO2 reduction. We then delve in the applicability of bioinspired features in electrochemical devices, such as the engineering of bioinspired mass transport and electrode interfaces. Finally, we address remaining challenges, such as the stability of bioinspired active sites or the activity of metal-free carbon materials, and discuss new potential research directions that can open the gates to the implementation of bioinspired sustainable materials in electrochemical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2311-2348
Number of pages38
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - 8 Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Bioinspired and Bioderived Aqueous Electrocatalysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this