Biotechnological methods to remove microplastics: a review

Uttpal Anand, Satarupa Dey, Elza Bontempi, Serena Ducoli, A. Dick Vethaak, Abhijit Dey, Stefania Federici

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Microplastics pollution is major threat to ecosystems and is impacting abiotic and biotic components. Microplastics are diverse and highly complex contaminants that transport other contaminants and microbes. Current methods to remove microplastics include biodegradation, incineration, landfilling, and recycling. Here we review microplastics with focus on sources, toxicity, and biodegradation. We discuss the role of algae, fungi, bacteria in the biodegradation, and we present biotechnological methods to enhance degradation, e.g., gene editing tools and bioinformatics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1810
Number of pages24
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • Biodegradation
  • Biotechnological interventions
  • Incineration
  • Microplastic degrading microorganisms
  • Microplastics
  • Synthetic biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry


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