Biotechnological uses of archaeal extremozymes

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150 Scopus citations

Abstract

Archaea have developed a variety of molecular strategies to survive the often harsh environments in which they exist. Although the rules that allow archaeal enzymes to fulfill their catalytic functions under extremes of salinity, temperature or pressure are not completely understood, the stability of these extremophilic enzymes, or extremozymes, in the face of adverse conditions has led to their use in a variety of biotechnological applications in which such tolerances are advantageous. In the following, examples of commercially important archaeal extremozymes are presented, potentially useful archaeal extremozyme sources are identified and solutions to obstacles currently hindering wider use of archaeal extremozymes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-278
Number of pages18
JournalBiotechnology Advances
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

Keywords

  • Archaea
  • Enzymes
  • Extremophiles
  • Halophiles
  • Hyperthermophiles
  • Thermophiles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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