Birefringence measurements of liquid crystals

Shin Tson Wu, Uzi Efron, Laverne D. Hess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

362 Scopus citations


A convenient and accurate technique for measuring the birefringence of liquid crystals at discrete wavelengths or as a continuous function of wavelength in the ultraviolet, visible, or infrared spectral regions is described. The method is based on determination of the phase differences which occur when monochromatic polarized light propagates through a medium with an anisotropic refractive index. Birefringence measurements at 0.6328 jam for two liquid crystal materials, BDH-E7 and ZLI-1132, and a continuous birefringence spectrum of ZLI-1132 from 2 to 16 jam are reported. Additionally, a liquid crystal based phase retardation plate which can be voltage tuned and calibrated to provide any degree of phase shift from 0 to 2ir over a wide wavelength range (0.4-16 jam) is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3911-3915
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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