Bismuth doped TiO2 as an excellent photocathode catalyst to enhance the performance of microbial fuel cell

G. D. Bhowmick, Md T. Noori, Indrasis Das, B. Neethu, M. M. Ghangrekar, A. Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bismuth impregnation on pure TiO2 (Bi–TiO2) was carried out and tested in microbial fuel cell (MFC) as photocathode catalyst. UV–Visible spectral observation confirmed higher catalytic activity of Bi–TiO2 under visible light irradiation with reduced band gap of 2.80 eV as compared to pure TiO2 (3.26 eV). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy also showed two times higher exchange current density with lower charge transfer resistance for Bi–TiO2 (1.90 Ω) than pure TiO2 (3.95 Ω), thus confirming it as superior oxygen reduction reaction catalyst. MFC operated with Bi–TiO2 could generate a maximum power density of 224 mW m−2, which was higher than MFC with Pt as cathode catalyst (194 mW m−2) and much higher than MFCs with TiO2 catalyzed cathode (68 mW m−2) and without any cathode catalyst (60 mW m−2). The results thus promote Bi doped TiO2 as a superior low-cost alternative to the costly Pt catalyst to take this MFC technology forward for field application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7501-7510
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bi-TiO cathode catalyst
  • Electro-chemical properties
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Photo catalyst
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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