Blaschke–singular–outer factorization of free non-commutative functions

Michael T. Jury, Robert T.W. Martin, Eli Shamovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


By classical results of Herglotz and F. Riesz, any bounded analytic function in the complex unit disk has a unique inner–outer factorization. Here, a bounded analytic function is called inner or outer if multiplication by this function defines an isometry or has dense range, respectively, as a linear operator on the Hardy Space, H2, of analytic functions in the complex unit disk with square-summable Taylor series. This factorization can be further refined; any inner function θ decomposes uniquely as the product of a Blaschke inner function and a singular inner function, where the Blaschke inner contains all the vanishing information of θ, and the singular inner factor has no zeroes in the unit disk. We prove an exact analogue of this factorization in the context of the full Fock space, identified as the Non-commutative Hardy Space of analytic functions defined in a certain multi-variable non-commutative open unit ball.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107720
JournalAdvances in Mathematics
StatePublished - 25 Jun 2021


  • Blaschke-singular-outer factorization
  • Fock space
  • Inner-outer factorization
  • Non-commutative Hardy space
  • Non-commutative analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (all)


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