Blind estimation of the direction of arrival (DOA) and delay of room reflections from reverberant sound may be useful for a wide range of applications. However, the high temporal and spatial density of early room reflections limit existing methods to the detection of only a small number of reflections. This paper presents a novel method for blind estimation of the DOA and delay of early reflections that overcomes the limitations of existing solutions. The method is based on a signal model in which the reflection signals are explicitly modeled as delayed and scaled copies of the direct sound. A phase alignment transform of the spatial correlation matrices is proposed; this transform can separate reflections with different delays, enabling the detection and localization of reflections with similar DOAs. It is shown that the DOAs and delays of the early reflections can be estimated by separately analysing the left and right singular vectors of the transformed matrices. A simulation study of a speaker in a room recorded by a spherical array demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method for accurately localizing a large number of reflections.
|Journal||The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America|
|State||Published - 2 Dec 2020|