We consider the problem of estimating the parameters of complex exponentials in the presence of complex additive Gaussian noise with unknown covariance. Bounds are derived for the accuracy of jointly estimating the parameters of the exponentials and the noise. We first present an exact Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) for this problem and specialize it for the cases of circular Gaussian processes and autoregressive processes. We also derive an approximate expression for the CRB, which is related to the conditional likelihood function. Numerical evaluation of these bounds provides some insights on the effect of various signal and noise parameters on the achievable estimation accuracy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering