Bounds on boosted dark matter from direct detection: The role of energy-dependent cross sections

Debjyoti Bardhan, Supritha Bhowmick, Diptimoy Ghosh, Atanu Guha, Divya Sachdeva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The recoil threshold of direct detection (DD) experiments limits the mass range of dark matter (DM) particles that can be detected, with most DD experiments being blind to sub-MeV DM particles. However, these light DM particles can be boosted to very high energies via collisions with energetic cosmic ray electrons. This allows dark matter particles to induce detectable recoil in the target of direct detection experiments. We derive constraints on a scattering cross section of DM and an electron, using XENONnT and Super-Kamiokande data. Vector and scalar mediators are considered in the heavy and light regimes. We discuss the importance of including energy-dependent cross sections (due to the specific Lorentz structure of the vertex) in our analysis and show that the bounds can be significantly different than the results obtained assuming a constant energy-independent cross section, often assumed in the literature for simplicity. Our bounds are also compared with other astrophysical and cosmological constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015010
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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