## Abstract

The investigation of breakage probability by compression of single particles was carried out. The spherical glass particles and irregularly shaped particles of NaCl, sugar, basalt and marble were subjected to a breakage test. The breakage test includes the compression up to breakage of 100 particles to obtain the distribution of the breakage probability depending on the breakage force or compression work. The breakage test was conducted for five particle size fractions from each individual material, at two stressing rates. Thus obtained 50 breakage force distributions and corresponding 50 breakage work distributions were fitted with log-normal distribution function. Usually, the breakage probability distribution can be found by means of stress or energy approach. The first one uses the stress to calculate the breakage probability distribution. The second approach uses the mass-related work done to break the particle. We prefer to use the breakage force and energy as essential variables. The correlation between the force and energy at their breakage points is obtained by integrating the characteristic force-displacement curve, i.e. the constitutive function of elastic-plastic mechanical behavior of the particle. The irregularly shaped particle is approximated by comparatively "large" hemispherical asperities. In terms of elastic-plastic deformation of the contacting asperities with the plate, a transition from elastic to inelastic deformation behavior was considered. Thus, one may apply the model of soft contact behavior of comparatively stiff hemispheres. Based on this model a relationship between the breakage force distributions and corresponding energy distributions was analyzed. Every tested material exhibits a linear relationship between average breakage energy and average breakage force calculated for every size fraction. For future consideration both force and energy distributions were normalized by division by average force or energy, consequently. The relationship between the fit parameters of normalized energy distribution and corresponding fit parameters of normalized force distribution was established. The mean value and standard deviation of normalized force distribution can be found from mean value and standard deviation of normalized energy distribution by means of system of two linear equations. The coefficients of those linear equations remain the same for all of the above tested materials; particle size fractions and stressing rates. As a result the simple transformation algorithm of distributions is developed. According to this algorithm the force distribution can be transformed into energy distribution and vice versa.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1503-1512 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Chemical Engineering Science |

Volume | 65 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 Jan 2010 |

## Keywords

- Breakage force and energy
- Breakage probability
- Contact force and energy
- Transformation of breakage distributions

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering