Bromocriptine Immunomodulation of Experimental SLE and Primary Anti-phospholipid Syndrome via Induction of Nonspecific T Suppressor Cells

M. Blank, I. Krause, D. Buskila, D. Teitelbaum, J. Kopolovic, A. Afek, I. Goldberg, Y. Shoenfeld

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73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bromocriptine (BRC) is a dopamine agonist that suppresses the secretion of prolactin by the pituitary gland and is known to have immunomodulating properties. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BRC on the development of two autoimmune experimental models: (i) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), induced by injection of a human anti-dsDNA monoclonal antibody (MIV-7); (ii) primary anti-phospholipid syndrome (PAPS), induced by injection of a mouse anti-cardiolipin monoclonal antibody (CAM). BRC had a suppressive effect on in vivo autoantibody production, as well as on the appearance of other manifestations of the respective disease. The BRC activity seems to be nonspecific, since the same effect was demonstrated in mice with lupus and with PAPS. These data were supported by the in vitro nonspecific effect of CD8 cells induced in vivo by bromocriptine, on specific lymph node cell proliferation in the presence of the pathogenic monoclonal antibodies (MIV-7 or CAM, respectively), and on the response to an irrelevant autoantigen, myelin basic protein. These data were complemented by the nonspecific suppressive effect by the T-suppressor factor, produced by the CD8 cells, on specific thymidine uptake by lymph node cells from experimental SLE or PAPS in the presence of the immunizing mAb. Injection of CD8 cells from BRC-treated mice with SLE or PAPS abolished the disease development in the lupus and PAPS experimental models. The data suggest a possible novel role of bromocriptine in downregulating autoimmune phenomena through induction of natural nonspecific CD81 suppressor cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume162
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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