Bronchial challenge with room temperature isocapnic hyperventilation. A comparison with histamine challenge

S. M. Scharf, D. Heimer, M. Walters

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We evaluated isocapnic hyperventilation with room temperature gas (IHV) as a test of bronchial hyperreactivity and compared it with histamine challenge (HC) in three groups of subjects: normal subjects, known mild asthmatic patients, and patients referred to the pulmonary clinic for a chief complaint of dyspnea. Physical examination at the time of evaluation was negative in all subjects. When the criterion for a positive reaction to IHV was a decrease in FEV1 of 10% or greater, and the criterion for a positive reaction to HC was a PD20 (concentration of inhaled histamine necessary to decrease FEV1 by at least 20%) of less than 10 mg/ml, the specificity of both tests was 100%. The sensitivity of both tests as evaluated from the known asthmatic patients was also 100%. Among the dyspneic patients, 8 of 30 reacted to both IHV and HC, 2 of 30 reacted to HC alone, and 8 of 30 reacted to IHV alone. It was concluded that IHV compares favorable with HC as a test of bronchial hyperreactivity, patients with clinical histories highly suggestive for asthma might not need to undergo bronchial challenge testing, and neither HC nor IHV when used alone is able to identify all of the hyperreactive patients.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)586-593
    Number of pages8
    JournalChest
    Volume88
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1985

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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