Bulk recycling models with incomplete vertical mixing. Part II: Precipitation recycling in the Amazon basin

Georgy I. Burde, Chantuu Gandush, Yunden Bayarjargal

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

An efficient method for precipitation recycling calculations based on the general bulk recycling model is developed and applied to the Amazon basin region. The results are compared with the estimates provided by simplified recycling models, and with the estimations obtained in other studies. Then the numerical procedure is adjusted to the modified recycling model incorporating some effects of incomplete vertical mixing of water in the tropospheric column as described in Part I of this paper. The modified numerical model is applied to the Amazon basin region and the results are compared with those from the unmodified model. It is seen from the results that the effects related to an incomplete vertical mixing produce significant changes in the level and distribution of precipitation recycling over the Amazon basin. The general changes in the recycling patterns occurring as a result of modifications include a significant increase in the contribution of recycled water to precipitation in the eastern part of the region and weakening continental recycling gradients. The regional recycling ratio values for the Amazon basin estimated by the modified model are significantly higher than the values provided by the unmodified model. The results of application of the models to several other regions on the globe are described in short. In particular, a comparison of the results with the estimates by the modified Budyko model is made for different regions, and it is found that the modified Budyko's model estimates are, in general, closer to the modified model numerical results than it was for the unmodified models. The results for precipitation recycling over the central United States are presented in more detail. For this region, the information on the degree of incomplete vertical mixing available from the GCM tracer transport modeling results has been used in the modified model calculations. It has been found that, as distinct from the Amazon basin, the effects related to an incomplete vertical mixing do not produce significant changes in the level and distribution of precipitation recycling over the central United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1473-1489
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2006

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