Burids: Būrids

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The Būrids were a dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled Damascus and southern Syria from 497/1104 to 549/1154, struggling to maintain its autonomy from the Franks, the Zangids, and the Nizārī Ismāʿīlīs (Assassins). The founder of the dynasty, Ẓāhir al-Dīn Ṭughtakīn (Tughtigīn, r. 497–522/1104–28), who was atābeg (guardian-tutor) of Shams al-Mulūk Duqāq, the son of the Saljūq sultan Tutush I (r. 471–88/1078–95), became full master of Damascus after the deaths of Duqāq and his son Tutush II.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Islam
Subtitle of host publicationthird Edition
EditorsGudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, Kate Fleet, John Abdallah Nawas, Everett K. Rowson
Place of PublicationLeiden
ISBN (Print)1873-9849, 9789004282117
StatePublished - 2014


  • Islamic civilization -- Encyclopedias
  • Islam -- Encyclopedias
  • Islamic countries -- Encyclopedias
  • Encyclopedias


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