Can bronchial challenge test with adenosine or methacholine at preschool age predict school-age asthma?

Tal Golan-Lagziel, Avigdor Mandelberg, Yonatan Wolfson, Dorit Ater, Keren Armoni Domany

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations


    Objective: Bronchial challenge test (BCT) measures current airways-hyperreactivity, however, its predictive role in pre-school children (<6 years) for the diagnosis of asthma at school age is still debatable. We aimed to find whether preschool children with a positive adenosine or methacholine BCT are more prone to asthma at school age. Methods: We included children aged 6–13 years with respiratory symptoms that were previously referred to our pulmonary function laboratory for BCT (methacholine or adenosine, depending on the question asked) at age 10 months to 6 years (baseline). BCT was considered positive based on spirometry results or wheezing, desaturation, and tachypnea reactions. The primary outcome measure was asthma diagnosis at school age using the well-validated International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. We used logistic regression analysis to explore whether positive BCT could predict school-age asthma while including age and collected modified asthma predictive index in the model. Results: One hundred and fifty-one of 189 children (53% males), completed the ISAAC questionnaire (response rate = 80%). Mean ages at BCT and at follow-up were 3.9 ± 1.28 and 9.4 ± 1.85 years, respectively. At baseline, 40 of 67 had a positive adenosine test and 73 of 84 had a positive methacholine BCT. Thirty-nine children were diagnosed with asthma at school age. Logistic regression analysis showed that a positive adenosine test at pre-school age was the best predictor, significantly increasing the odds of asthma at school age by 6.34 (95% CI: 1.23–32.81, p =.028), while methacholine did not show significance (p =.69). Conclusion: Choosing the relevant BCT for the question asked, positive adenosine, but not methacholine test, at pre-school, may predict asthma at school age.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3200-3208
    Number of pages9
    JournalPediatric Pulmonology
    Issue number10
    StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021


    • airway hyper-responsiveness
    • bronchial provocation tests
    • children
    • preschool
    • pulmonary function testing

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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