Carbon-MEMS based rectangular channel microarrays embedded pencil trace for high rate and high-performance lithium-ion battery application

Ananya Gangadharan, Suresh Kali, Suresh Mamidi, Anil D. Pathak, Chandra S. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The miniaturization of a lithium-ion battery has been an aspiration in portable electronic devices and a possible method of implementation is by changing the electrode configuration from a 2D system to a 3D one. A carbon microelectromechanical system is a plausible execution of lithium-ion storage from 2D carbon films to 3D structures. However, the use of semiconducting silicon as a substrate for 3D structures and dendrite formation are hurdles. The present work describes the fabrication of 3D carbon rectangular channels on a pencil-traced stainless steel current collector and its utilization as the anode in a lithium-ion battery. Detailed physical and electrochemical studies demonstrate the advantage of this electrode in terms of reversible storage capacity and the establishment of a low resistance path for an electrochemical reaction. The cell exhibits an extraordinary capacity of 2000 mA h g-1 at 150 mA g-1 and it retained a capacity of ∼400 mA h g-1 even at 10 000 mA g-1 after 1750 cycles. Also, the full-cell prototype further proves the potency of this electrode. Additionally, the time-dependent Li-ion concentration gradient across the 3D carbon rectangular channels is estimated using a diffusion-limited model. These simulation studies clearly suggest that Li-ion diffusion is more favorable in 3D carbon rectangular channels than in 2D films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7741-7750
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Advances
Volume2
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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