Carbon nanoarchitectures by design: pre-organizing squaric acid with urea

Thomas Jordan, Menny Shalom, Markus Antonietti, Nina Fechler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The synthesis of carbon nanoarchitectures from pre-organized precursor complexes with appropriate bonding patterns, here squaric acid and urea, is described. It is shown that depending on the precursor ratio, different crystal morphologies are formed, which can be transformed into nitrogen-containing carbons with either lamellar or hollow tube-like morphology. It is noted that despite the very different architecture, the composition of the final carbons is always close to a ‘C2N’ stoichiometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-873
Number of pages8
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • controlled architecture
  • nanostructures
  • nitrogen-containing carbon
  • pre-organization
  • sustainable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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