Cardiac autonomic modulation impairments in advanced breast cancer patients

Claudia Arab, Luiz Carlos Marques Vanderlei, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Kyle Levi Fulghum, Carlos Elias Fristachi, Afonso Celso Pinto Nazario, Simone Elias, Luiz Henrique Gebrim, Celso Ferreira Filho, Yori Gidron, Celso Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To compare cardiac autonomic modulation in early- versus advanced-stage breast cancer patients before any type of cancer treatment and investigate associated factors. Methods and results: This cross-sectional study included women (30–69 years old) with primary diagnosis of breast cancer and women with benign breast tumors. We evaluated cardiac modulation by heart rate variability and assessed factors of anxiety, depression, physical activity, and other relevant medical variables. Patients were divided into three groups based on TNM staging of cancer severity: early-stage cancer (n = 42), advanced-stage cancer (n = 37), or benign breast tumors to serve as a control (n = 37). We analyzed heart rate variability in time and frequency domains. The advanced-stage cancer group had lower vagal modulation than early-stage and benign groups; also, the advance-stage group had lower overall heart rate variability when compared to benign conditions. Heart rate variability was influenced by age, menopausal status, and BMI. Conclusions: Heart rate variability seems to be a promising, non-invasive tool for early diagnosis of autonomic dysfunction in breast cancer and detection of cardiovascular impairments at cancer diagnosis. Cardiac autonomic modulation is inversely associated with breast cancer staging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-936
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Research in Cardiology
Volume107
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Breast tumor
  • Cardiology
  • TNM classification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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