Catheter induced mechanical suppression of outflow-tract arrhythmias: Incidence, characteristics, and significance

Yoav Michowitz, Jeremy Ben-Shoshan, Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Aharon Glick, Bernard Belhassen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The incidence, characteristics, and clinical significance of catheter-induced mechanical suppression (trauma) of ventricular arrhythmias originating in the outflow tract (OT) area have not been thoroughly evaluated. Objectives: To determine these variables among our patient cohort. Methods: All consecutive patients with right ventricular OT (RVOT) and left ventricular OT (LVOT) arrhythmias ablated at two medical centers from 1998 to 2014 were included. Patients were observed for catheter-induced trauma during ablation procedures. Procedural characteristics, as well as response to catheter-induced trauma and long term follow-up, were recorded. Results: During 288 ablations of OT arrhythmias in 273 patients (RVOT n=238, LVOT n=50), we identified 8 RVOT cases (3.3%) and 1 LVOT (2%) case with catheter-induced trauma. Four cases of trauma were managed by immediate radiofrequency ablation (RFA), three were ablated after arrhythmia recurrence within a few minutes, and two were ablated after > 30 minutes without arrhythmia recurrence. Patients with catheter-induced trauma had higher rates of repeat ablations compared to patients without: 3/9 (33%) vs. 12/264 (0.45%), P = 0.009. The three patients with arrhythmia recurrence were managed differently during the first ablation procedure (immediate RFA, RFA following early recurrence, and delayed RFA). During the repeat procedure of these three patients, no catheter trauma occurred in two, and in one no arrhythmia was observed. Conclusions: Significant catheter-induced trauma occurred in 3.1% of OT arrhythmias ablations, both at the RVOT and LVOT. Arrhythmia suppression may last > 30 minutes and may interfere with procedural success. The optimal mode of management following trauma is undetermined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-471
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mechanical suppression
  • Outflow tract arrhythmias
  • Radiofrequency catheter ablation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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