Cerium phosphate polypyrrole flower like nanocomposite: A recyclable adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) by adsorption combined with in-situ chemical reduction

Sumanta Sahu, Nisarani Bishoyi, Raj Kishore Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present investigation aims to remove Cr(VI) by flower like Cerium Phosphate Polypyrrole nanocomposite material (CePO4-PPY). The material was synthesized by in situ oxidative polymerization method and characterized by FTIR, Raman, XRD, XPS, Zeta potential, N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, and TGA-DTA analysis. Field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy images revealed the flower-like morphology of the synthesized nanocomposite. Meanwhile, the fabrication of polypyrrole on cerium phosphate nanoparticles provided a plentiful of active adsorption sites to interact with hexavalent chromium ions. The Cr(VI) adsorption followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm model showing a high adsorption capacity of 117.78 mg g−1 at room temperature at lower pH. The high tolerance capacity of CePO4-PPY in the presence of other co-anions makes it a highly efficient adsorbent. The adsorption dynamic study demonstrated that the rate-determining step was controlled by surface diffusion, pore diffusion, and film diffusion. XPS spectra confirmed the simultaneous adsorption of Cr(VI) and in situ chemical reduction to Cr(III). Regeneration studies illustrated the efficiency of more than 80%, even after five cycles. Therefore, CePO4-PPY nanocomposite could be a unique alternative to act as a promising adsorbent for the effective treatment of Cr(VI) containing wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-67
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • CePO-PPY
  • Cr(VI)
  • Isotherm study
  • Kinetic study
  • Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)

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