Cervical Posture, Pain, and Pathology: Developmental, Evolutionary and Occupational Perspective

David Ezra, Ella Been, Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson, Leonid Kalichman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The cervical spine is the most mobile component of the spinal column. Its curvature (lordosis) supports the head above the shoulders, maintaining head position, gaze, and visual field. However, there is considerable variability in the cervical spine curvature of different individuals, generating several unresolved questions: What is a normal cervical curvature? How is cervical posture associated with cervical spine pain and pathology? How is erect posture and a modern lifestyle associated with cervical pain and pathology?
Original languageEnglish GB
Title of host publicationSpinal Evolution: Morphology, Function, and Pathology of the Spine in Hominoid Evolution
EditorsElla Been, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Patricia Ann Kramer
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-19349-2
StatePublished - 2019


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