Cesarean versus vaginal delivery for breech presentation is an independent risk factor for long-term pediatric respiratory hospitalization of the offspring

Sharon Davidesko, Ahinoam Glusman Bendersky, Amalia Levy, Gali Pariente, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the long-term respiratory morbidity of offspring born by cesarean delivery for breech presentation with that of those delivered vaginally. Methods: A population-based cohort analysis including all singleton breech deliveries between the years 1991 and 2014, comparing long-term respiratory morbidity of offspring born in breech presentation, according to mode of delivery. Offspring with congenital malformations, perinatal deaths, and instrumental deliveries were excluded. Respiratory morbidity included hospitalizations (up to age 18 years), as recorded in hospital records. A Kaplan–Meier survival curve compared cumulative respiratory morbidity. A Weibull parametric survival model controlled for confounders and repeat deliveries. Results: A total of 7337 breech deliveries were included; 6376 (86.9%) cesarean deliveries and 961 (13.1%) vaginal breech deliveries. The Kaplan–Meier survival curve demonstrated higher cumulative incidence of respiratory morbidity in the cesarean delivery group compared with vaginal delivery (log rank test P = 0.006). Using a Weibull parametric survival model to control for confounders, cesarean delivery was found to be an independent risk factor for long-term respiratory morbidity of the offspring (adjusted hazard ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 1.32–2.65, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Cesarean versus vaginal delivery for breech presentation is an independent risk factor for long-term pediatric respiratory morbidity of the offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 9 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • breech
  • cesarean delivery
  • pediatric morbidity
  • respiratory morbidity
  • vaginal breech delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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