Changes in mouse barrel synapses consequent to sensory deprivation from birth

Yair Sadaka, Elizabeth Weinfeld, Dmitri L. Lev, Edward L. White

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    35 Scopus citations


    Neonatal sensory deprivation induced by whisker trimming affects significantly the functional organization of receptive fields in adult barrel cortex. In this study, the effects of deprivation on thalamocortical synapses and on asymmetrical and symmetrical synapses not of thalamic origin were examined. Thalamocortical synapses were labeled by lesion-induced degeneration in adult (postnatal day 60) mice subjected to whisker trimming from birth, other synaptic types were unlabeled. Brains were processed for electron microscopy, and numerical densities of synapses were evaluated by using stereologic approaches for whisker trimmed vs. control animals. Results demonstrated no change in nonthalamic, asymmetrical synapses; however, a decrease of 52% in the numerical density of symmetrical synapses (46.3 vs. 88.5 million per mm3; Z = -2.121; P < 0.05) and a decrease of 43% in the numerical density of thalamocortical synapses (57.5 vs. 102.33 million per mm3; Z = -2.121; P < 0.05) were observed after deprivation. Thus, experience-dependent plasticity of receptive fields in barrel cortex involves directly axons of both extrinsic and intracortical origin. The proportion of thalamocortical axospinous to axodendritic synapses was the same in control vs. deprived animals: in each instance, 80% of the synapses were axospinous (Z = 0.85; P = 0.2). These results suggest that neither excitatory neurons, whose thalamocortical synapses are primarily axospinous, nor inhibitory neurons, whose thalamocortical synapses are mainly axodendritic (White [1989] Cortical Circuits. Synaptic Organization of the Cerebral Cortex; Structure, Function, and Theory. 1989; Boston: Birkhauser), are affected preferentially by the deprivation- associated decrease in thalamocortical synapses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)75-86
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 24 Feb 2003


    • Cortical representations
    • Development
    • Numerical density
    • Plasticity
    • Receptive field
    • Thalamocortical

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience (all)


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