Channel Estimation with Simultaneous Reflecting and Sensing Reconfigurable Intelligent Metasurfaces

Haiyang Zhang, Nir Shlezinger, Idban Alamzadeh, George C. Alexandropoulos, Mohammadreza F. Imani, Yonina C. Eldar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs) are envisioned to play a key role in future wireless communications, enabling programmable radio propagation environments. They are usually considered as nearly passive planar structures that operate as adjustable reflectors, giving rise to a multitude of implementation challenges, including an inherent difficulty in estimating the underlying wireless channels. In this paper, we propose the concept of Hybrid RISs (HRISs), which do not solely reflect the impinging waveform in a controllable fashion, but are also capable of sensing and processing a portion of it via some active reception elements. We first present implementation details for this novel metasurface architecture and propose a simple model for its operation, when considered for wireless communications. As an indicative application of HRISs, we formulate and solve the individual channels identification problem for the uplink of multi-user HRIS-empowered systems. Our numerical results showcase that, in the high signal-to-noise regime, HRISs enable individual channel estimation with notably reduced amounts of pilots, compared to those needed when using a purely reflective RIS that can only estimate the cascaded channel.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE 22nd International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages536-540
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781665428514
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021
Event22nd IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2021 - Lucca, Italy
Duration: 27 Sep 202130 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC
Volume2021-September

Conference

Conference22nd IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications, SPAWC 2021
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityLucca
Period27/09/2130/09/21

Keywords

  • Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces
  • channel estimation
  • metasurfaces
  • sensing
  • smart radio environments

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