Characterization and synthetic biology of lipase from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain

Muhammad Tahir Khan, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Qurrat ul ain Rana, Shaukat Iqbal Malik, Anwar Sheed Khan, Dong Qing Wei, Wasim Sajjad, Shabir Ahmad, Sajid Ali, Ameenullah, Muhammad Irfan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipases with high tolerance to temperature play a significant role in industry from food manufacturing to waste management systems. Thus, there is a need to investigate these enzymes from different geographical areas to look out for a more thermo-stable one. Characterization of lipases through experimental approaches is time consuming process and sometimes the results are ambiguous due to errors. However, integration of computational technologies is quite useful for prediction of optimized conditions. Such technologies can be applied as synthetic biology, which has many major applications in engineered biological approaches for accurate prediction of effects of different physical and chemical parameters on the system. In this study, cloning and expression of a lipase gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, isolated from a novel geographical region of Pakistan, in Escherichia coli DH5α cells followed by sequencing was carried out. To isolate thermostable lipase producing strains, all the samples were kept at 50 °C. Genomic DNA was isolated and signal peptide (1–32 residues) sequence was chopped (ΔSPLipase). The ΔSPLipase was amplified and expressed in Linearized p15TV-L vector. The purified lipase appeared as single band of approximately 26 kDa. Suitable conditions of factors required for maximum lipase activity such as temperature, pH, substrate, organic solvent, detergents and metal ions were predicted through synthetic biology approach and further confirmed in wet lab. The predicted suitable factors for enzyme were almost similar to those determined experimentally. The optimum enzyme activity was recorded at pH 8 and 50 °C temperature. Interestingly, the activity of enzyme was found on a number of solvents, metal ions, detergents, and surfactants. The predicted optimum values and their experimental confirmations highlights the importance of integrated synthetic biology approaches in wet lab experiments. The characterized lipase of B. amyloliquefaciens at molecular level from Pakistani strains displayed good activity on a range of factors that implies this strain to be used for application in industrial level production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1497-1506
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume202
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
  • Lipase
  • Synthetic biology
  • p15TV-L vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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