Characterization of Quorum Sensing Signals in Coral-Associated Bacteria

Karina Golberg, Evgeni Eltzov, Maya Shnit-Orland, Robert S. Marks, Ariel Kushmaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Marine environment habitats, such as the coral mucus layer, are abundant in nutrients and rich with diverse populations of microorganisms. Since interactions among microorganisms found in coral mucus can be either mutualistic or competitive, understanding quorum sensing-based acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) language may shed light on the interaction between coral-associated microbial communities in the native host. More than 100 bacterial isolates obtained from different coral species were screened for their ability to produce AHL. When screening the isolated coral bacteria for AHL induction activity using the reporter strains Escherichia coli K802NR-pSB1075 and Agrobacterium tumefaciens KYC55, we found that approximately 30% of the isolates tested positive. Thin layer chromatography separation of supernatant extracts revealed different AHL profiles, with detection of at least one active compound in the supernatant of those bacterial extracts being able to induce AHL activity in the two different bioreporter strains. The active extract of bacterial isolate 3AT 1-10-4 was subjected to further analysis by preparative thin layer chromatography and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. One of the compounds was found to correspond with N-(3-hydroxydecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone. 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the isolates with positive AHL activity affiliated them with the Vibrio genus. Understanding the ecological role of AHL in the coral environment and its regulatory circuits in the coral holobiont-associated microbial community will further expand our knowledge of such interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-792
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Soil Science

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