Chemical exposures and Parkinson's disease in residents of three Negev kibbutzim

E. A. Kordysh, Y. Herishanu, J. R. Goldsmith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Scopus citations


    We consider whether chemical pollutants in drinking water (including aromatic hydrocarbons, alkanes, halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons, and phthalic acid) or used occupationally in agriculture that have shown no parkinsonism-inducing effect may be responsible for excess cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) in three adjacent kibbutzim in southern Israel (Negev). Literature data on PD pathogenesis have been compared with common pathogenetic pathways to xenobiotics effects; the following neurotoxic mechanisms, besides individual sensitivity, have been suggested: (1) impairment of the protective role of the substantia nigra against toxicants by binding of chemicals to melanin; (2) oxidative stress induction, including glutathione reduction, impaired calcium metabolism, and alteration of cytochrome P-450 activity; (3) blockade of iron chelators because of structural similarities to them or their precursors; (4) mediation of the production of endogenous dopaminergic neurotoxins, such as trichloroharmanes or isoquinolines; (5) blockade of dopamine receptors because of their resemblance to chemicals with affinity to these receptors; (6) stimulation of prostaglandin-H synthase and mono-oxygenase activity; and (7) stimulation of autoimmune processes and creation of autoimmunity to structures of the dopaminergic system caused by chemical similarity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)162-165
    Number of pages4
    JournalEnvironmental Research
    Issue number1-2
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Environmental Science (all)


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