Chemical modification of sarcoplasmic reticulum: Stimulation of Ca2+ release

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pretreatment of sarcoplasmic membranes with acetic or maleic anhydrides, which interact principally with amino groups, resulted in an inhibition of Ca2+ accumulation and ATPase activity. The presence of ATP, ADP or adenosine 5'-[β,γ-imido]triphosphate in the modification medium selectively protected against the inactivation of ATPase activity by the anhydride but did not protect against the inhibition of Ca2+ accumulation. Acetic anhydride modification in the presence of ATP appeared to increase specifically the permeability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane to Ca2+ but not to sucrose, Tris, Na+ or P(i). The chemical modification stimulated a rapid release of Ca2+ from sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles passively or actively loaded with calcium, from liposomes reconstituted with the partially purified ATPase fraction but not from those reconstituted with the purified ATPase. The inactivation of Ca2+ accumulation by acetic anhydride (in the presence of ATP) was rapid and strongly pH-dependent with an estimated pK value above 8.3 for the reactive group(s). The negatively charged reagents pyridoxal 5-phosphate and trinitrobenzene-sulphonate, which also interact with amino groups, did not stimulate Ca2+ release. Since these reagents do not penetrate the sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes, it is proposed that Ca2+ release is promoted by modification of internally located, positively charged amino group(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-517
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume240
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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