Chemical transformation of 3-bromo-2,2-bis(bromomethyl)-propanol under basic conditions

Shai Ezra, Shimon Feinstein, Itzhak Bilkis, Eilon Adar, Jiwchar Ganor

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14 Scopus citations


The mechanism of the spontaneous decomposition of 3-bromo-2,2- bis(bromomethyl)propanol (TBNPA) and the kinetics of the reaction of the parent compound and two subsequent products were determined in aqueous solution at temperatures from 30 to 70 °C and pH from 7.0 to 9.5. TBNPA is decomposed by a sequence of reactions that form 3,3-bis(bromomethyl)oxetane (BBMO), 3-bromomethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane (BMHMO), and 2,6-dioxaspiro[3.3]-heptane (DOH), releasing one bromide ion at each stage. The pseudo-first-order rate constant of the decomposition of TBNPA increases linearly with the pH. The apparent activation energy of this transformation (98 ± 2 KJ/mol) was calculated from the change of the effective second-order rate constant with temperature. The pseudoactivation energies of BBMO and BMHMO were estimated to be 109 and 151 KJ/mol, respectively. Good agreement was found between the rate coefficients derived from changes in the organic molecules concentrations and those determined from the changes in the Br- concentrations. TBNPA is the most abundant semivolatile organic pollutant in the aquitard studied, and together with its byproducts they posess an environmental hazard. TBNPA half-life is estimated to be about 100 years. This implies that high concentrations of TBNPA will persist in the aquifer long after the elimination of all its sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry


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