To study the interactions between Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, we examined CT serologies in sequential serum samples of male homosexuals (MHS), followed over a mean period of 4 years. Of the MHS studied, 77 were HIV(-), 18 were HIV(+) and 10 patients seroconverted during the study period. Seventy matched heterosexual controls were tested concomitantly. CT-specific antibodies of both IgG and IgA isotypes were determined by an immunoperoxidase assay, indicating past and active infection respectively. Anti-CT IgG was frequently observed in both HIV(-) and HIV(+) MHS (40-50% vs. 23% of controls) and IgA antibodies were also common in both MHS groups (15-20% vs. 1.5% of controls). After HIV infection, no increase in CT antibodies occurred. We found serological data suggestive of active CT infection preceding seroconversion in 3 of 10 seroconverters vs. 5% of matched MHS controls who remained HIV(-) (P < 0.025), indicating a possible effect of CT infection on the acquisition of HIV should be further studied.
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1994|
- Human immunodeficiency virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy