Chronic Endometritis in Fertile and Infertile Women Who Underwent Hysteroscopic Polypectomy

Alexander Volodarsky-Perel, Ahmad Badeghiesh, Guy Shrem, Naama Steiner, Togas Tulandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Study Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of chronic endometritis (CE) among fertile and infertile women who underwent hysteroscopic polypectomy. Design: A retrospective cohort study. Setting: University-affiliated tertiary hospital. Patients: A total of 277 women who underwent hysteroscopic polypectomy in the period from 2015 to 2018. Interventions: Endometrial polyp samples were obtained after hysteroscopy for histopathologic analysis using hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry staining with CD138 antibodies for plasma cell detection. All infertile women diagnosed with CE were treated with oral doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 14 days before infertility treatment. Measurements and Main Results: The prevalence of CE in infertile women (n = 137) was significantly higher than in those with no history of infertility (n = 140) (22.6% vs 8.6%; p =.001). The prevalence of CE between women with primary infertility and those with secondary infertility was similar (25.0% vs 19.3%; p =.43). Clinical pregnancy (32.3% vs 41.5%; p =.35), live birth (29.0% vs 38.7%; p =.33), and miscarriage (10.0% vs 6.8%; p =.73) rates were similar between infertile women with treated CE and those without CE. A multivariate model showed that diagnosis of infertility was significantly associated with the diagnosis of CE (odds ratio, 3.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.53–6.49). Conclusion: In women with endometrial polyps, the prevalence of CE in infertile women is higher than that in fertile women. Pregnancy outcome in infertile women with treated CE was similar to those who were infertile and without CE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1118
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic endometritis
  • Endometrial polyp
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Infertility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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