Cigarette smoke toxicity modes of action estimated by a bioluminescent bioreporter bacterial panel

Tim Axelrod, Evgeni Eltzov, Merav Lerman, Dorin Harpaz, Robert S. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is considered to be a risk factor for several chronic diseases and even premature death. However, despite the importance of this detrimental habit, little seems known in terms of the overall toxicity potential of its ingredients in humans. In this study, a panel of genetically modified bioluminescent bioreporter bacteria was used to evaluate its usefulness in estimating the cigarette smoke's complex molecular mixture on a bacterial toxicity-bioreporter panel, both filtered or unfiltered. This work enabled to confirm the usefulness of cigarette filters, with better protection found in higher priced brands despite both having genotoxic and cytotoxic attributes. Quorum sensing interference was also shown, which may explain why cigarette smokers are at greater risk for pulmonary infections. Moreover, the findings of this study support the fact that the filter is a dominating contributor to reducing the harm caused by cigarette smoke. Increased efforts should be conducted to reduce the harmful effects of cigarette smoke, via increasingly effective filters. To conclude, the panel of bioreporter bacteria was found to be useful in the evaluation of the general effect of the toxic mixture found in cigarette smoke and therefore has the potential to be used in cigarette research, helping researchers pinpoint the reduction of toxicity when working with filter improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122076
JournalTalanta
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Bioluminescence
  • Cigarette filter
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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