Cigarette soot activated carbon modified with Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an effective adsorbent for As(III) and As(V): Material preparation, characterization and adsorption mechanism study

Uttam Kumar Sahu, Sumanta Sahu, Siba Sankar Mahapatra, Raj Kishore Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The presence of high concentration of As(III) (arsenite) and As(V) (arsenate) in water system creates severe health problems to the human being and other aquatic animals. In this research, a novel Fe3O4/CSAC adsorbent was prepared by the thermal method using cigarette soot activated carbon (CSAC) as a template. Different instrumental techniques like XRD, SEM, EDX, TEM, VSM, BET, Zeta potential and FTIR study were used to confirm the formation of Fe3O4/CSAC. This material showed high surface area (575.604 m2/g), low pore size (6.8 nm), small particle size (less than 10 nm) and good magnetic properties (10.77 emu/g), which made the material highly effective for arsenic removal. The adsorption of arsenic was highly pH dependent and 91% and 93% of As(III) and As(V) were removed by this adsorbent at pH 7 and 3. The adsorption process followed the Langmuir isotherm model with the uptake capacities of 80.99 and 107.96 mg/g for As(III) and As(V), respectively. The adsorption data were best fitted to the pseudo second order kinetics model with the rapid adsorption in just 90 min. In presence of Cl, NO3, SO42 −, CO32– and PO43 − anions also, the Fe3O4/CSAC showed the significant removal of As(III) and As(V). About 89% and 91% of As(III) and As(V) were desorbed with 0.5 M NaOH solution from Fe3O4/CSAC surface and the regenerated adsorbent can be used up to four consecutive cycles without any major decrease in removal efficiency. The hydroxyl groups on the Fe3O4/CSAC played a key role for the adsorption of As(III) and As(V). The Fe3O4/CSAC was found to be a good novel adsorbent for arsenic removal from the water system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-405
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Arsenic and adsorption
  • Cigarette soot
  • FeO nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cigarette soot activated carbon modified with Fe3O4 nanoparticles as an effective adsorbent for As(III) and As(V): Material preparation, characterization and adsorption mechanism study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this