We derive an accurate mass distribution of the galaxy cluster MACSJ1206.2-0847 (z = 0.439) from a combined weak-lensing distortion, magnification, and strong-lensing analysis of wide-field Subaru BVR c I c z′ imaging and our recent 16-band Hubble Space Telescope observations taken as part of the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble program. We find good agreement in the regions of overlap between several weak- and strong-lensing mass reconstructions using a wide variety of modeling methods, ensuring consistency. The Subaru data reveal the presence of a surrounding large-scale structure with the major axis running approximately northwest-southeast (NW-SE), aligned with the cluster and its brightest galaxy shapes, showing elongation with a 2: 1 axis ratio in the plane of the sky. Our full-lensing mass profile exhibits a shallow profile slope dln Σ/dln R -1 at cluster outskirts (R ≳ 1Mpch -1), whereas the mass distribution excluding the NW-SE excess regions steepens farther out, well described by the Navarro-Frenk-White form. Assuming a spherical halo, we obtain a virial mass M vir = (1.1 ± 0.2 ± 0.1) × 10 15 M ⊙ h -1 and a halo concentration c vir = 6.9 ± 1.0 ± 1.2 (c vir 5.7 when the central 50kpch -1 is excluded), which falls in the range 4 ≲ 〈c〉 ≲ 7 of average c(M, z) predictions for relaxed clusters from recent Λ cold dark matter simulations. Our full-lensing results are found to be in agreement with X-ray mass measurements where the data overlap, and when combined with Chandra gas mass measurements, they yield a cumulative gas mass fraction of 13.7+4.5 - 3.0% at 0.7Mpch -1( 1.7 r 2500), a typical value observed for high-mass clusters.
- cosmology: observations
- dark matter
- galaxies: clusters: individual (MACS J1206.2-0847)
- gravitational lensing: strong
- gravitational lensing: weak