Classification of multivariate time series via temporal abstraction and time intervals mining

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Classification of multivariate time series data, often including both time points and intervals at variable frequencies, is a challenging task. We introduce the KarmaLegoSification (KLS) framework for classification of multivariate time series analysis, which implements three phases: (1) application of a temporal abstraction process that transforms a series of raw time-stamped data points into a series of symbolic time intervals; (2) mining these symbolic time intervals to discover frequent time-interval-related patterns (TIRPs), using Allen’s temporal relations; and (3) using the TIRPs as features to induce a classifier. To efficiently detect multiple TIRPs (features) in a single entity to be classified, we introduce a new algorithm, SingleKarmaLego, which can be shown to be superior for that purpose over a Sequential TIRPs Detection algorithm. We evaluated the KLS framework on datasets in the domains of diabetes, intensive care, and infectious hepatitis, assessing the effects of the various settings of the KLS framework. Discretization using Symbolic Aggregate approXimation (SAX) led to better performance than using the equal-width discretization (EWD); knowledge-based cut-off definitions when available were superior to both. Using three abstract temporal relations was superior to using the seven core temporal relations. Using an epsilon value larger than zero tended to result in a slightly better accuracy when using the SAX discretization method, but resulted in a reduced accuracy when using EWD, and overall, does not seem beneficial. No feature selection method we tried proved useful. Regarding feature (TIRP) representation, mean duration performed better than horizontal support, which in turn performed better than the default Binary (existence) representation method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-74
Number of pages40
JournalKnowledge and Information Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - 26 Oct 2015


  • Classification
  • Frequent pattern mining
  • Temporal abstraction
  • Temporal knowledge discovery
  • Time intervals mining


Dive into the research topics of 'Classification of multivariate time series via temporal abstraction and time intervals mining'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this