Clinical and other specialty services offered by pharmacists in the community: The international arena and Israel

Eyal Schwartzberg, Joseph P. Nathan, Sivan Avron, Eli Marom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The community pharmacy setting is a venue that is readily accessible to the public. In addition, it is staffed by a pharmacist, who is a healthcare provider, trained and capable of delivering comprehensive pharmaceutical care. As such, community pharmacists have a colossal opportunity to serve as key contributors to patients' health by ensuring appropriate use of medications, preventing medication misadventures, identifying drug-therapy needs, as well as by being involved in disease management, screening, and prevention programs. This unique position gives the pharmacist the privilege and duty to serve patients in roles other than solely that of the stereotypical drug dispenser. Worldwide, as well as in Israel, pharmacists already offer a variety of pharmaceutical services and tend to patients' and the healthcare system's needs. This article provides examples of professional, clinical or other specialty services offered by community pharmacists around the world and in Israel and describes these interventions as well as the evidence for their efficacy. Examples of such activities which were recently introduced to the Israeli pharmacy landscape due to legislative changes which expanded the pharmacist's scope of practice include emergency supply of medications, pharmacists prescribing, and influenza vaccination. Despite the progress already made, further expansion of these opportunities is warranted but challenging. Independent prescribing, as practiced in the United Kingdom or collaborative drug therapy management programs, as practiced in the United States, expansion of vaccination programs, or wide-spread recognition and reimbursement for medication therapy management (MTM) programs are unrealized opportunities. Obstacles such as time constraints, lack of financial incentives, inadequate facilities and technology, and lack of professional buy-in, and suggested means for overcoming these challenges are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Adherence
  • Clinical services
  • Community pharmacy
  • Medications
  • Pharmacist
  • Rational drug consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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