Clinical experience using a 5-Week treadmill training program with virtual reality to enhance gait in an ambulatory physical therapy service

Shirley Roth Shema, Marina Brozgol, Moran Dorfman, Inbal Maidan, Lior Sharaby-Yeshayahu, Hila Malik-Kozuch, Orly Wachsler Yannai, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M. Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Background. Current literature views safe gait as a complex task, relying on motor and cognitive resources. The use of virtual reality (VR) in gait training offers a multifactorial approach, showing positive effects on mobility, balance, and fall risk in elderly people and individuals with neurological disorders. This form of training has been described as a viable research tool; however, it has not been applied routinely in clinical practice. Recently, VR was used to develop an adjunct training method for use by physical therapists in an ambulatory clinical setting. Objective. The aim of this article is to describe the initial clinical experience of applying a 5-week VR clinical service to improve gait and mobility in people with a history of falls, poor mobility, or postural instability. Design. A retrospective data analysis was conducted. Methods. The clinical records of the first 60 patients who completed the VR gait training program were examined. Training was provided 3 times per week for 5 weeks, with each session lasting approximately 1 hour and consisting of walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Main outcome measures were compared across time and included the Timed "Up & Go" Test (TUG), the Two-Minute Walk Test (2MWT), and the Four Square Step Test (FSST). Results. After 5 weeks of training, time to complete the TUG decreased by 10.3%, the distance walked during the 2MWT increased by 9.5%, and performance on the FSST improved by 13%. Limitations. Limitations of the study include the use of a retrospective analysis with no control group and the lack of objective cognitive assessment. Conclusions. Treadmill training with VR appears to be an effective and practical tool that can be applied in an outpatient physical therapy clinic. This training apparently leads to improvements in gait, mobility, and postural control. It, perhaps, also may augment cognitive and functional aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1319-1326
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Therapy
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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