Clival Meningioma Removal through a Suboccipital Retrosigmoid Approach: Operative Video and Technical Nuances

Carlos Candanedo, Samuel Moscovici, Sergey Spektor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Clival meningiomas are challenging lesions that need to be managed according to the displacement of the adjacent structures. Lateral skull base approaches are needed to achieve their radical removal; however, they are associated with significant morbidity, especially when the tumor involves the basilar artery, its perforators, brainstem, and lower cranial nerves. Design âThis is a case of a 79-year-old female patient, diagnosed with a large lower clival meningioma after suffering from headaches. It was offered a conservative treatment but on serial MRI, an increase in the meningioma's size was observed, so it was decided to remove the meningioma using a left suboccipital retrosigmoid approach. Settings âOn a left three-quarter prone position, with facial nerve, auditory brainstem response, lower cranial nerves, and motor-evoked potentials and somatosensory-evoked potentials neurophysiologic monitoring, a right suboccipital retrosigmoid craniotomy with opening of the foramen magnum was performed, giving enough lateral visualization of the tumor. Broad base tumor pushing backward and aside the vertebral and basilar arteries, cranial nerves (7th-12th), and the brainstem was exposed and removed. Results âNear total resection of the meningioma was achieved, leaving a microscopic residual in the entry points of the low cranial nerves without complications. There was no neurological deficit after the surgery. Postoperative MRI revealed no signs of residual tumor. Conclusion: In this case, the regular retrosigmoid approach, extended into the foramen magnum was enough for the removal of this pure clival meningioma. The link to the video can be found at: Https://youtu.be/3d6Uj4gjmDU.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • clival meningioma
  • foramen magnum
  • low cranial nerves
  • operative video
  • retrosigmoid approach

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